Twelve Ways to Improve Uptime

Surprisingly web services rarely go down, they simply become so overwhelmed with user requests they slow to a point that makes them unresponsive. With the significant increase in e-businesses, the reliance on quality web hosting providers to offer reliable services is at an all-time high. Website owners demand perfection with 100% uptime and strong guarantees. In order to increase uptime, there are many techniques that can be applied for smooth access to a website.

The following are a list of twelve methods to improve performance and uptime. These include both software and hardware optimization. Many of the software techniques can be improved through general and advanced programming standards which can be completed by the webmaster. On the other hand, the web hosting company would have to internally upgrade the hardware.

Software Optimization
The first six techniques for improving uptime include:
  • Splitting databases
  • Separating read/write databases
  • Using more and better caching of popular content
  • Optimizing static content
  • Ensuring compressed content delivery
  • Optimizing the content management system
First, its beneficial to split all databases either horizontally, vertically or a hybrid of the two over multiple servers as this adds to the reliability of the connection.  Similarly, it’s useful to separate the read and write databases which will allow for a master/slave setup. This tactic allows the database infrastructure to be expanded for future use.

Next, setting the system to utilize more and better cache of popular content enables a site to scale up more easily when many users are entering. Internet caching works the same as computer caching; by holding popular content in allocated storage, users can access this information much more quickly.

Optimizing static content is another method to improve the speed of internet files and pages. This can be accomplished by compressing images to their maximum while still preserving the high quality characteristics. Additionally, it’s vital to ensure the web server has the ability to deliver content in a compressed state; this doesn’t include images since they’re already compressed files. It’s critical to set up the rules correctly from the beginning.

Another valuable tactic is to optimize the content management system by decreasing the amount of database calls for each page request. As with any type of connection, a reduction in the number of times information is sent, the connection will be maintained. In this case, the lower the number of calls to the database, the quicker users will be able to access the content.

Software and Hardware Optimization
The next six methods for augmenting uptime are:
  • Using content delivery networks
  • Using HTML5 and other emerging standards
  • Using better programming methods
  • Adding “expires” headers to content
  • Making fewer HTTP requests
  • Utilizing speedier Ethernet connections
Content delivery networks handle large amounts of media while boosting website performance. They are inherently designed to quickly route traffic to private networks. These types of services can handle large media files while diverting traffic along the edge of the Internet instead of straight through thus preventing a big congested mess. Since the content delivery networks are handling the large files, this lightens up the servers and keeps the connection quick and efficient.

HTML 5 and other emerging standards have built-in systems that can make websites more robust. This is due to advanced programming techniques focused on website and internet communications. Although these programming standards aren’t a 100% guarantee that a website using them won’t go down, the mechanisms built into the code will assist during these circumstances. Furthermore, better programming methods to handle a traffic spike and large loads should be implemented.

Expires headers make all files that are automatically downloaded by a first time visitor cacheable. Therefore by adding expires headers to content; this will stop browsers from constantly downloading. This blocks pointless HTTP requests on ensuing page views. Expires headers should be used with all file components to be effective. An additional technique is to decrease the number of HTTP requests. Similar to lowering the number of database calls, by making fewer HTTP requests to retrieve a website, the connection speed will remain consistent and less congested.

The final technique is to improve Ethernet connection speeds. This improvement will help handle unanticipated traffic spikes as well as larger files. Many hosting providers find this to be an excellent investment.

Faster speeds and less downtime equates to happier customers. Most of these primary tactics for improving uptime for a web server as well as a website can simply be accomplished by tweaking a few things here and there. From software optimization of database rearrangement, improved caching, compressing content, utilizing content management systems and content delivery networks and   improving programming practices to upgrading hardware, these methods will improve both web host and web site uptime so business will never suffer again.

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Comment:

Nancy

23.09.2010 / 21:53

Very nice tips, i should try it thanks! - essay writers

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